Nepal
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OFFICIAL NAME
spacer-transp Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
GEOGRAPHY
  A mountain-ringed Himalayan state between Tibet and India that contains 8 of the 10 highest mountain peaks in the world
AREA
  140,800 sq km / 54,363 sq miles
COMPARATIVE
  roughly the size of the state of Wisconsin
POPULATION
  26,469,600
CAPITAL
  Kathmandu - 1.5 million
LITERACY
 

54% (age 15+ and can read and write)

According to the National Population Census 2001, the country's total literacy rate stood at over 53.74 percent. The data shows that the 39.75 percent of population - 28.36 percent male and 51.06 percent female - cannot read and write. Interestingly, 5.99 percent of males and 5.78 percent of female can read only. In contrast, 65.08 percent of males and 42.49 percent of females can read and write. (Source: nepalnews.com ... read full story.)

LANGUAGE
 

Official: Nepali
Other:
English

RELIGION
 

Hindu - 90%
Buddhist - 5%
Muslim - 3%
Others - 2%

POLITICS
  Federal Democratic Republic, as of May 2008. Formerly an unstable Hindu monarchy; most of the royal family was assassinated in 2001. The king approved elections in early 2008, and the country moved toward democracy. The king's palace was turned into a museum.
INCOME
  Per capita income = US$ 260 per year
CURRENCY
  Nepali Rupee (Rs)
TIME ZONE
  GMT/UTC +5.75
SOURCES
  Statistics provided by a variety of sources, but mostly the U.S. State Department, the U.N. Statistics Division, and BBC News.

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